Recently the paleolithic diet has become a popular option to minimize disease and maximize health. I personally believe that eating the foods, that our ancestors ate for millions of years, makes a lot of sense. The Paleolithic lifestyle doesn’t just include food it also includes getting much more sleep than the typical modern human, and doing a lot of low intensity exercise throughout the day.
I believe that paleolithic societal structure could provide another example of healthier living for modern humans. There have been multiple studies that indicate that the human brain is developed for a social structure containing from 150 to 300 people. The most widely cited number is 150. It came from the work of British anthropologist Robin Dunbar. Other anthropologists have done research indicating “that numbers larger than this generally require more restrictive rules, laws, and enforced norms to maintain a stable, cohesive group.”(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunbar’s_number).
Precedent for a lifestyle based on being part of a small societal grouping is way more recent and long lived than the other parts of living Paleolithic. The size of societal groupings has only started to be so large in the last century. Before the 1900s most people lived away from cities in small agricultural communities. It is interesting that the large role of government in our lives might be caused by urbanization of pretty much everyone. Localization might be a much better way for people to organize themselves and allow them to enjoy many fewer rules laws and much more accountable leaders.